Network construction: rural node
A rural node is the place where the rural network meets the national fibre network, and contains the last active equipment before the rural network subscribers. The location of the rural node depends on the local geography and the number of subscribers.
A small number of fibres required
A dense fibre network has been under construction in Sweden for some time. It connects major cities and small villages throughout this awkwardly shaped country (see the description of network construction). To connect a property to this fibre network, it is a good idea to use the nearest connecting network linking the local communities. Thanks to the powerful active equipment installed in the node, only a small number of fibres are required from the connecting network, even for large rural networks.
For rural networks
If the rural network is large, with several hundred potential subscribers, it is best to install the node in some kind of local public building if possible, which could also house the operator's active equipment. The node can also be housed together with the nearest large urban node, but this requires the agreement of the node owner. A small node (less than 240 subscribers) can be installed in an equipment cabinet. An equipment cabinet is a heated outdoor cabinet which can also contain active equipment. Another option is to connect to the operators network in something called a handover point. A handover point is a passive node, and in this case the active equipment is housed by the operator.